List of generals of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic
Gen. Panah Ali Khan Jevanshir 1st Khan of Karabakh, founder of Karabakh khanate, c.1747-1761, d. Shiraz 1761. General of the Nadir Shah Afshar of Iran until 1747.
Lt.-Gen. Ibrahim Khalil (II) Aga Khan-e Jevanshir b. 1726, 2nd Khan of Karabagh 1761-6/1806, Khan of Ganja 1781-1784, son of Panah Ali khan, Lt-Gen.in Russian Imperial Army in 1805, killed by the Russians in June 1806, burried in Agdam. Interesting factoid: one of his 5 wives was Hatay Khanum , daughter of Bahtan, Melik of Dizak, in Karabakh.
Maj-Gen. Mehdiqulu Khan Jevanshir b. 1763, 3rd Khan of Karabakh (1806-1822), son of 2nd Khan Ibrahim Khalil II, Maj-Gen. in the Russian Army, d. May 1845.
Maj-Gen. Mohammed Hasan Aga Jevanshir killed by Russians in 1805 (son of 2nd Khan Ibrahim Khalil II)
Col. Jafar Aga Jevanshir Colonel in the Russian Army (son of Maj-Gen. Mohammed Hasan Aga Jevanshir)
Col. Hanlar Aga Jevanshir Colonel in the Russian Army (descendant of 2nd Khan Ibrahim Khalil II)
Maj-Gen. Ehsan khan Naxcivanski Kengerli, Sr. 18-19th century, son of Kalbali khan, the ruler of Naxcivan khanate. Himself the 3rd Khan of Nakhchivan 1823 – deposed 1828.
Lt-Gen. Ismail khan Naxcivanski Kengerli son of Ehsan khan and brother of Kalbali khan, 1819-1908. Became Lt.-Gen. in 1891.
Maj-Gen. Kalbali khan Naxcivanski Kengerli, Sr. 19th century, son of Ehsan khan, received the rank of Maj-Gen in 1874 (according to another source, 1876). Died in 1883.
General of Cavalry Huseyn khan Naxcivanski 1863-1919, son of Kalbali khan. On Jan 23, 1916, Huseyn khan got the top rank of Cavalry (Army) General. Was one of the few imperial generals who refused to switch allegiance from tsar Nicholas Romanov to either Bolsheviks or ADR. Bolsheviks executed him in Februry 1919 in the Petropalovsk castle.
Lt-General Huseyn khan Ismail khan oglu Naxcivanski 1858-1919
Admiral Mirza Muhammed khan 18th-19th century, first Azerbaijani Admiral of the Baku Shirvanshah khanate, defender of Baku against Russian naval conquest.
Lt-Gen. Jafarqulu Khan Dumbuli (Khoyski) 3rd Khan of Khoy 1786-1797, 8th Khan of Sheki 1806-1814, Lt-Gen. in the Russian Army, d. 1814.
Maj-Gen. Ismail Khan 9th Khan of Sheki 1816-1818, Maj-Gen. in the Russian Army, died in 24/7/1819.
Maj-Gen. Kalbali Khan Khoiski b. 1785, Maj-Gen. in the Russian Imperial Army, d. in Ganja 29/7/1834. Son of 2nd Khan Ahmed by Soltanat Beyim. Married to Sara Beyim Khoiskaya, daughter of 3rd Khan Jafarqulu.
Lt.-General Iskandar khan Khoyski b. 25/5/1820, father of future PM of ADR, Fatali khan Khoyski, Lt-Gen. in the Russian Imperial Army 16/12/1889, Cdr O. St Anne 1871, Kt O. St Wladimir 1871, died in Ganja 16/7/1894. Son of Maj-Gen. Kalbali Khan Khoiski, married to Saadat Beyim, daughter of Maj-Gen. Ismail Khan of Sheki.
Col. Abulfet Shahtahtinski 1858 – 13 March 1913
Army General Samedbek Mehmandarov (Samad bey Mehmandarli) first Azerbaijani Army (Artillery) General (1915 decree), Defense Minister of ADR, hero of Port-Arthur naval base defense in China during the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-05, saved from NKVD by Dr. Nariman Narimanov
Lt.-General Mamedbek Sulkevich (1865-1920) Chief of General Staff of ADR from March 1919; killed on 15 July 1920
Maj-General Jemil Jevad (Jamil Jevad, possibly Shikhlinski)
Sultan bek Sultanov brother of Khosrov bek Sultanov, general-gubernator of Karabakh
Ismail Khan Ziadkhanov with Jemil Javad and Sultan Sultanov took Shusha back in 1918
Artillery (Army) General Ali Aga Ismail oglu Shikhlinski 23 April 1865 – 18 August 1943, the third Azerbaijani Army General (1919 decree), dubbed “God of Russian artillery”, hero of the famous WWI ‘Brusilov Incursion,’ first Azerbaijani to receive both French top honors of Order of the Legion and Legion Crest, Deputy Minister of Defense of ADR, saved from NKVD purges by Dr. Nariman Narimanov. Taught future Field Marshal’s L.A.Govorov, N.D.Yakovlev, top artillery Marshal N.N.Voronov and others
Maj-General Javad (Jevan) bey Mamedaga oglu Shikhlinski (d. 1959 in Turkey) (Ali Aga was his uncle; Zangezur battle in 1919, organized Ganja uprising in May 1920; after escaped to Iran, later to Turkey)
Colonel Rustam bey Mamedaga oglu Shikhlinskii (1878 – executed in 1920, nephew of Gen. Ali Aga Shikhlinski)
Maj-General Jamshid khan Naxcivanski Kengerli (1895-1938, liberated Shusha in 1918, Stalin arrested and purged him on Nov 1938. He taught future Field Marshal’s S.Biryuzov, A.A.Grechko and P.F.Batistki)
Maj-Gen Kalbali khan Naxcivanski Kengerli, Jr. (greatgrandson of Kalbali khan; older brother of Jamshid khan, escaped to Iran after Soviet takeover of Azerbaijan, where he was general in the Shah’s army until 1934, when the Shah ordered to secretly kill him and his brother Col. Ehsan khan Jr., in the back fearing his rising power. The fourth brother of the family, Lt-Colonel Davud khan Naxcivanski, was killed in Karabakh by Dashnaks in 1920, when he stood up for his brother)
General Habib bey Haji Yusif oglu Selimov (commander Shusha battalion, crushed Armenian Dashnak Gen. Dro Kanayan)
Maj-Gen. Ibrahim aga Usubov (Usubbekov) (1872-July 16, 1920, served in Kharkov)
Maj-General Ibrahim aga Pasha aga oglu Vekilov 1853-1934, the first general-gubernator of ADR’s capital, Ganja; head of topography in the Chief of General Staff
General Khan Irevanski (Erevanski) a celebrated general during the WWI
HSH Maj-Gen. Prince Safi Khan Persidsky Maj-Gen. in the Russian Imperial Army (then Kadjars)
Maj-Gen. Prince Feyzulla Khan Persidsky Maj-Gen. in the Russian Imperial Army, then in the Azerbaijan ADR Army, educ Nicolaev Cavalry School, killed by the Bolsheviks in 1920. Son of HSH Maj-Gen. Prince Safi Khan Persidsky.
General Ahmed Bey Javanshir
Vice-Admiral Ibrahim bey Allahverdi bey oglu Aslanbeyov (Avramiy Bogdanovich Aslambekov) (b. 1822 – d. 1900) Most celebrated Azerbaijani admiral, served with famous vice-admiral G.I.Butakov, admiral V.I.Baryatinski, A.S.Greyg, A.I.Panfilov and admiral P.S.Nakhimov.
Maj-General Kuli khan (last Karabakh ruler, father of poetess Khurshudbanu-Begum Natavan)
Maj-Gen. Daniyal bey Ilisulu (1800-1870, grandson of the last Sheki khan, right hand of Sheykh Shamil)
Maj-Gen. Teymur bey Novruz oglu Novruzov great ADR general, fought in WWI, recipient of 4 (!) St. George medals from Russia. His family gave a total of 3 generals.
Maj-Gen. Samed bey Meshadi bey oglu Rafibeyov (1892-1980, after takeover run to Turkey, where was a close comrade-of-arms and friend of Ataturk, received the rank of Maj-Gen. in Turkey in 1948)
Lt-Gen. Faraj bey Agayev (aka Nikolay Nikolayevich Agayev, real name Farajulla Bey Aga Irza Bey oglu)
(1811-1891, born in Shusha, Karabakh) One of the commanders of the Azerbaijani divisions in the Caucasus (Separate Caucasian Corps), sometimes after 1850. During the Crimean Campaign, he commanded a cavalry brigade, which included 1st Muslim Cavalry Corps and Ossetian Cavalry Militia.
Maj-Gen. Hasan bey Agalarov (1812-?)
Maj-Gen. Israfil bey Yadigarov One of the commanders of the Azerbaijani divisions in the Caucasus (Separate Caucasian Corps), sometimes after 1850. During the Crimean Campaign, he commanded the 2nd Muslim Cavalry Corps.
Maj-Gen. Davud bey Sadig bey oglu Yadigarov
Col. Veli bey Sadig bey oglu Yadigarov (d. 1897, brother of Gen. Davud bey)
Lt-Gen. Balakishi bey Arablinskii (1828-1902)
Maj-Gen. Haji Ismail bey Gutkashenli (Qutkashenli, Kutkasheli) Major General in the Russian Imperial Army 6/12/1850, educ St Petersburg Cadet School, b. 1809, d.14/8/1861.
One of the commanders of the Azerbaijani divisions in the Caucasus (Separate Caucasian Corps).
Maj-Gen. Aga khan Shirvansky Maj-General since 1878
Maj-Gen. Javad khan Shirvansky One of the commanders in the 1840s of Azerbaijani divisions in the Russian Imperial Army
Maj-Gen. Mansuraga Vekilov
Maj-Gen. Agasi bey Afsharov approximately 1830-?
Maj-Gen. Firudin bey Jalal oglu Vizirov (1850-1925)
Maj-Gen. prince Muhammed Mirza Qajar (Mamed Kadjar)
Maj-Gen. prince Amir Kazim Mirza Bahman Mirza oglu Qajar (1853-1920)
Maj-Gen. prince Amanullakhan Mirza Qajar (1862-1937, after takeover escaped to Tehran)
Maj-Gen. prince Feyzulla Mirza Qajar
Gen. prince Sadraddin Bahman Mirza oglu Qajar (executed in 1920)
Gen. Samed Mirza Qajar
Gen. prince Rzaqulu Mirze Qajar 1837-?
Gen. Mahmud Mirza Qajar Colonel’s in Qajar family: Col. Shahrur Mirza Qajar, Col. prince Khosrov Mirza Qajar, Col. Khanbabakhan Mirza Qajar, Col. prince Seyfulla Bahman Mirza oglu Qajar (1864), Col. Nasrulla Mirza Qajar and Col. Abdulsamid Mirza Qajar.
Maj-Gen. Mammedsadig bey Ismail oglu Agabeyzade (1865-1944 in Lviv)
Maj-Gen. Jahangir Berker Yusif bey oglu Novruzov (1894-1958, after Bolshevik takeover escaped to Iran, and later to Turkey. There he served in the army of Kazim Karabekir pasha)
Maj-Gen. Mir Ibrahim Khan Talishinski d. 29/4/1894
Lt-Gen. Mir Mustafa Khan Talishinski 3rd Khan of Talish Khanate (1786-26/7/1814), Maj-Gen. in 1795, then Lt-Gen. in 1813 in the Russian Imperial Army. Son of 2nd Khan of Talish Khanate Qara Talishinski.
Colonel Mir Hasan Khan Talishinski 4th Khan of Talish in 1814-1826, Colonel in the Russian Imperial Army 1814, escaped to Iran during 1826-1828 war, died in Tehran 30/6/1832
Maj-Gen. Mirkazim bey Mirali khan oglu Talishkhanov (Mir Kazim Khan Talishinski) (17/7/1855-1938, served in Murmansk, Maj-Gen in the Russian Imperial Army 1914, retired 1916)
Maj-Gen. Asad bey Mirali khan oglu Talishkhanov (Mir Asad Khan Talishinski) (b. 16/12/1857, Min of Military Affairs of the North Caucasian Republic, Maj-Gen. in the Russian Imperial Army 1916, d. 1919)
Maj-Gen. Halil bey Mirali khan oglu Talishkhanov (1859-? [missing after 1920])
Maj-Gen. Aliyar bey Mehdi oglu Hashimbeyov (1856-1920)
Maj-Gen. Suleyman bey Alisuleyman oglu Efendiyev (1864-1919 (died from illness), born in Aghdam, Karabakh)
Maj-Gen. Abdulhamid bey Sharifbey oglu Gaitabashi (1889-1920, Chief of General Staff from 10 Dec 1919)
Gen. Galib bey Vekilov
Gen. Ahmed bey Dibirov
Col. Daniyal bey Abdulla bey oglu Helejov (1876-1920/22)
Col. Shirin bey Jafaraga oglu Kesemenli (1887-1919)
Maj-Gen. Murad Keraj bey Tlehas (Chief of Artillery division of the Chief of General Staff from 1918; General-Gubernator of Baku from 4 Dec 1919)
Gubernator-General Javad bey Rza bey oglu Melikyeganov (d. 18 May 1942)
Gen. Amiraslan Khan Khoyski (b. 1888, exiled to Turkey when the Soviets invaded Azerbaijan April 1920, with the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the ADR between 1918-1920, Gov. of Quba between 1918-1920, General in the Azerbaijan Army, died in Ankara 1954).
Gubernator-General Amir khan Jahangir khan oglu Khoyski (d. 1966 in Istanbul) (Nephew of Fatali khan Khoyski, FM and PM of ADR)
Col. Huseyngulu (Huseinqulu) khan Iskandar khan oglu Khoyski (exiled to Turkey when the Soviets invaded Azerbaijan 4/1920, Deputy Gov of Ganja between 1918-1920, Colonel in the Azerbaijan Army, Offr in the Russian Imperial Army, Cdr 2nd cl 1912 then 1st cl 1915 Imperial & Royal O. St Stanislas (Poland), Offr O. St Anne 1914, born 22/9/1869, died 7/12/1955).
General-Gubernator Dr. Khosrov bey Pasha bey oglu Sultanov (1879-1941, first ADR Minister of Defense, Gubernator-General of Karabakh from 15 Jan 1919; crushed Dashnak Gen. Dro in Askeran battle of 21-30 March 1919 together with brother, Sultan bey; after Soviet takeover run to Istanbul)
General-Gubernator Mamed Koha Mahmud oglu (1859-1933)
Colonel Abbaskuli aga (Abbas Kuliagha) Bakikhanov (1794-1846, great publicist, historian. All his 5 brothers also served in the army)
Maj-Gen. Hasan agha Bakikhanov 1833-1898
Colonel Gadir agha Bakikhanov 19th century
Lt-Colonel Mustafaqulu Bakikhanov 18th-19th century
Maj-Gen. Jafarguluaga Bakikhanov
Maj-Gen. Xasay xan Usmiyev 1808-1866, husband of famous Karabakh poetess, Natavan. Their son, Mehdiqulu, born in 1855 in Shusha, became a Lt-Colonel in the Russian Army.