Late 19th-early 20th centuries was
the period of the establishment of
new relations that influenced all
spheres of life of the Azerbaijani
people. Social processes of that period
turned the large industrial city of
Baku into the economic center of the
entire Caucasus region.
The complicated sociopolitical processes
developing in the 20th century led to
profound changes of the society of Azerbaijan,
pur promonent state officials formed in new
conditions were ready to react properly to
the challenges and requirements of the century.
A sound foundation had been created for the
establishment of the People’s Republic of Azerbaijan.
The historical declaration, developed
by the National Council of Azerbaijan
had fixed basic principles of foreign
and inner policy of the newly established
People’s Republic of Azerbaijan. All
the principles stated in the Declaration-the
principles of defining its own fate by
the people of Azerbaijan, respecting the
rights of people, living in peace with
foreign countries and neighbor states
increased the prestige of the People’s
Republic of Azerbaijan in the international arena.
Though the Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan
survived only for 23 months in complicated
and tense socio-political situation it will
always stay in the memory of future generations
as one of the brightest pages of our history.
Though it was not able to implement fully the
measures undertaken in spheres of the state
system establishment, economics, culture,
education, public health, military policy
yet those measures implemented played a great
role in the history of our country and in the
restoration of the national state system establishment.
The most important matter is that the Democratic
Republic of Azerbaijan strengthened our
democratic views though it existed within
a short period of time. The people of Azerbaijan
will always honor the memory of the prominent
state officials that served to the establishment
of that republic as Mamed Emin Rasulzade,
Alimerdan bey Topchubashev, Fatali khan Khoyski,
Nasib bey Usubbeyov, Mehdi bey Hadjinsky,
Mamed Yusif Djafarov, Khudavat bey Rafibeyov,
Akper Agha Sheykhulislamov, Teymur bey Madjinsky,
Samed bey Mehmandarov, Aliagha Shykhlinsky,
Sultan Medjid Ganizade, Khalil bey Khasmamedov,
Ahmed bey Papinov, Shafi bey Rustambeyov.